An Expert’s Guide To Influencer Marketing

An experts guide to influencer marketing

A decade ago, the influencer marketing arena was limited only to celebrities and a few dedicated bloggers.

Now, it seems like we’ve seen influencers rise, saturate the market and even get caught up in fraud.

If you’ve started researched on influencer marketing before, you may have found conflicting information, with recommendations that range from you should absolutely be using influencers or that they’re not necessary for growth.

Influencer marketing strategies are more difficult to navigate than ever as a brand, but we’re here with a guide to making sense of it all.

Read on for our tips to determine if influencer marketing is for you.

State of affairs: The influencer marketing landscape

Standing out in 2014 on Instagram was easier than today.

If you were lucky enough to be featured on Instagram’s featured page or your look was just distinctive enough, then your chances of being tapped as an influencer were high.

After enough brand partnerships, some have turned this into a full-time career.

 

Rosie Clayton’s Instagram feed is filled with colorful dresses and outfits against colorful walls.

During a time when VSCO’s muted tone filters were becoming popular, Rosie’s highly saturated photos jumped out.

She works with brands around the world, fitting them into her aesthetic.

But things change, right?

We’re influenced by what we see and aesthetics are no different.

Bright images are more common now as well as carefully propped up food against interesting backgrounds.

When it no longer becomes unique, what comes next?

Taylor Lorenz’s article in The Atlantic forecasts a more ‘authentic’ trend driven by the network’s youngest users that strives to return to what Instagram used to look like when your feed was just friends.

Lorenz wrote, “While Millennial influencers hauled DSLR cameras to the beach and mastered photo editing to get the perfect shot, the generation younger than they are largely post directly from their mobile phones.”

To be a fashion influencer among this younger demographic, you may no longer need to rely solely on perfectly shot photos.

Instead, casual poses and limited editing are now becoming more welcome on the feed.

Keep in mind that the article covered only a subset of influencers: young, Instagram users.

If anything, this shift over the last five years should show how influencer marketing’s only constant is change.

The value of influencer marketing

While Instagram influencer marketing is a well-known strategy, there are many other networks that are growing for influencers.

According to Adweek, the industry is set to reach $10 billion in worth by 2020.

Other networks like Snapchat, YouTube and TikTok have their own set of influencers with different demographics.

Influencer marketing agency Mediakix surveyed marketers at the end of 2018 to see what their feelings on influencers were for the new year.

Of those surveyed, 89% said ROI from influencer marketing was comparable to or better than other networks.

The same survey noted that 65% of marketers plan on increasing their budgets for 2019.

And now that you know where we’re at in the industry, let’s examine how to create a strategy.

How to create a strategy

Like any marketing tactic, an influencer program takes deliberate targeting and planning.

You won’t find strategic success just by sending free things out to everyone who asks or to your existing friends and acquaintances

1. Research

Much like any strategy, research is the first step. Choose the network you want to focus on first.

You can always expand to other networks later but if you’re just starting out, stick with one. Ideally, your brand should already have a presence on this network or be looking to expand into it.

Demographics vary on each network. If you’re unsure of where to begin, our article on social media demographics is a good starting point.

The industry you’re in also matters. Beauty and fashion brands shine on Instagram and YouTube. The video game industry dominates on Twitch.

During your research phase, look into the type of influencers you’re interested in.

Are you going for celebrities with massive followings? Or microinfluencers with less than 2000 followers?

Perhaps something in between in the 5–10k follower range is more your preference. Whatever you decide to focus on will determine your budget.

Compensation varies wildly, too, so be sure to look at common rates for those influencer types.

Microinfluencers tend to be focused on a few topics and accept products. Some microinfluencers work independently while others may be represented by an agency or network.

Whereas, larger accounts and celebrities will need compensation and might even go through a talent agency.

Research is key and you’ll find yourself returning to this step often in the process.

2. Set a budget and determine compensation

Now that you have some idea of what to pay if you’re paying, you need to create your budget.

Be sure to also factor in time for planning, executing and reviewing your strategy.

Running a successful influencer marketing campaign is not a set-it-and-go type of strategy. It’ll involve careful monitoring and follow up.

Unlike a more automated ad strategy, influencers are human and frequently balancing multiple partnerships, so some may fall behind in their commitments to post on time or make errors in your requested tags or calls to action.

You’ll need to have the time to be more hands-on with these relationships to cultivate them, and refine your approach through experience about what works and what doesn’t in your niche.

If you have the time and money, consider setting up a formal ambassador program. Fujifilm utilizes its ambassadors in new product launches and in supplementing their content.

With a variety of photographers and videographers at their disposal, the company’s able to diversify their feed to showcase what their equipment can do.

If you have the time and money, consider setting up a formal ambassador program.

Fujifilm utilizes its ambassadors in new product launches and in supplementing their content.

With a variety of photographers and videographers at their disposal, the company’s able to diversify their feed to showcase what their equipment can do.

For brands that need a wider pool of influencers, hiring an influencer marketing agency who will do the research and coordination for you is a good bet.

3. Decide on goals and message

The two most common reasons for using influencer marketing are to elevate brand awareness and increase sales.

However, instead of setting these broad targets as your two goals, it will be more effective to kick off on your strategy by honing in on what your brand’s needs are.

Perhaps you want to increase your customer base in a younger demographic.

Or you want to expand into a new user group with a new product. Or you want to skip trends and utilize influencers to talk about your brand values.

Brock and Chris, the pair behind Yummertime, do partnerships with brands often.

In the above, you’ll note that it’s not an average product promotion post. The accompanying caption notes its “vegan, gluten-free and cruelty-free” aspects.

Your message is just as important as your goal. While you don’t want to stifle an influencer’s creativity and uniqueness, you also don’t want them to post about something unrelated to your campaign.

Determine how you want to structure this campaign and message so you can stick to it later on.

4. Find your influencers and contact them

Back to step one: research. With a plan set around your network, goals and what types of influencers you want to target, we go back to researching to actually find the right influencers to work with.

During this research, keep in mind the below:

  • Does the influencer already post about similar things to your service? For example, if you’re a restaurant and you want to promote a new menu, you should be looking for influencers who regularly post about dining out and the food they eat.
  • Are they legit? This means scrolling through their feed and clicking through on posts. A poor engagement ratio to follower count and spam-like comments are signs of a fraudulent account.
  • Have they worked with similar brands before? Depending on what type of influencer you’re looking for, a seasoned one will be able to show you a press kit that contains a portfolio of their work. The more you invest in an influencer, the more you’ll want to vet them.

You can also use Sprout tools like the Twitter analytics report to identify potential influencers that will fit your campaigns.

Next, determine how you’ll be reaching out to them.

For microinfluencers, you could reach out directly in a private message on the same platform.

For more established ones, click around their profile and they may list contact information for business inquiries in their bio.

They may also link a website that denotes brand partnerships.

Summer Rayne Oakes has a multi-channel presence, which is a perk for her brand partners.

5. Review and change your strategy

Even if your influencer campaign is ongoing, you should still have pre-determined dates where you’ll measure its progress.

The next part of this guide will go into how to track your results. Not all campaigns are successful but hopefully, you’ll learn with each one you create.

How to track your campaign

There are a few ways of measuring the success of your campaign. You can create a specific hashtag, like #SproutPartner, to track what your influencers are doing. The Sprout Smart Inbox makes it easy to see what’s being talked about with specific hashtags, or to watch for mentions of specific Twitter keywords.

smart-inbox-monitoring-keyword2

If you’re aiming for more sales, giving out affiliate codes or tracking links is an easy way of seeing how much is being generated from influencers.

Sprout’s reporting makes it easy to tag campaign-related posts. Use this feature to compare how these posts perform.

Conclusion

Influencers are here to stay but how they look and operate in five years may be drastically different from today.

This guide will help you get started with building your strategy.

While there are some unique considerations to working with influencers, setting up a campaign is the same as most marketing campaigns: research, set a budget, determine goals, find your influencers and review and revise.

Once you’ve gotten the rhythm down, you might find yourself creating additional types of influencer campaign.

Success varies between brands so don’t give up if your first one is a failure.

You might find that incorporating influencers into your marketing strategy is wildly beneficial to everyone.

What strategies have worked for your niche when it comes to working with influencers? Let us know in the comments below!

This guide is originally shared on SproutSocial

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